Overview Of Colds And Flu
- Colds and the flu (known as influenza) are transmittable infections that affect the respirational system.
- Both are airborne infections, which are transmitted through sneezing and coughing.
- Colds usually are restrained to the upper respiratory system—the throat and nose—but the flu upsets the lungs and in serious cases might result in death, particularly in older people, young kids, and those with a poor immune system.
Symptoms Of A Cold
Symptoms of a common cold are not pleasant, but they not usually dangerous. Symptoms can consist of:
- Throat will feel tender;
- Congested nose caused by a build-up of phlegm;
- Inflammation of the sinuses;
- Coughing and/or sneezing;
- Constant headaches; and
- Feeling weary and tired.
Adults generally don’t get high temperatures when they experience a cold, but kids can get very high temperatures and should be monitored closely.
The symptoms of the cold can generally last up to two weeks. Most individuals recover completely within 10 days.
Symptoms Of Flu
The flu has several symptoms in common with a cold, but there are some major dissimilarities as well. Symptoms found in both cold and influenza might consist of:
- Constant headache;
- Tender throat; and
- Congested or runny nose.
Symptoms that are found in flu but not in the common cold are:
- High fever, generally unexpected;
- Chills (associated with a fever); and
- Joint and muscle pain.
Preventing Colds And Flu
The greatest prevention for both colds and flu is proper cleanliness. Be certain to rinse your hands carefully and regularly. It also helps to keep your house and appliances hygienic and as sterile as possible.
Carry a supply of tissues with you if you have a runny nose or when coughing/sneezing. Dispose of your tissue after you blow your nose, sneeze, or cough into it.